International Journal of Innovative Trends in Engineering
Approved By International Serial Standard(ISSN), National Science Library(NSL) and National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources(NISCAIR)
ISSN: 2395-2946 (Online)

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IJITE - Volume 04, Number 01

Published On : April 2015
SNo. Paper Title & Authors Page Download
Surface and Ground Water Quality Analysis around Cooum River by Using Arc GIS Software
A. Pradeepkumar, M. Vigneshkumar
Abstract: Groundwater is one of the most important natural resources. It is a major source of fresh drinking water in both the rural and urban regions. The groundwater quality, however in recent time has got deteriorated due to the percolation of polluted water in to the soils from the rivers. As a result its quality has not remained potable. The Ground water samples and Surface water samples around the Cooum River were collected in Chennai. Samples were collected at twelve different places to determine the following parameters like Colour, pH, Temperature, Turbidity, Calcium, Magnesium, Sodium, Potassium, Iron, Magnesium, Nitrate, Chloride, Fluoride, Sulphate, Phosphate, Total Hardness, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Total Suspended Solids (TSS). Levels of magnesium calcium chlorine, hardness and alkalinity, were higher than the maximum permissible limits set by Bureau of Indian Standards, Delhi. The starting point of the river was not much polluted; it was industrially highly polluted when it enters into the city. Domestic and industrial waste should be properly disposed and or recycled. It is therefore recommended that more strict methods of waste effluent management should be adopted to reduce the inputs of pollutants into the river. Relevant agencies should make continuous effort to control, regulate and manage indiscriminate waste disposal from domestic and industries within the study area.
Keywords: RS, TDS, TSS, GIS, pH.
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Energy, Cost and Time Utilization for Paddy Straw
D. V. Tathod, Y. V. Mahatale, V. K. Chavan, Devanand Maski
Abstract: Rice is one of the most important food crop in india. Every year 300 Mt of paddy straw is produce. A farmer has to burn this paddy straw in field due to high cost and time consume for straw utilization. Keeping the view the comparisons inenergy, cost and time utilization for non-densified straw andbales. The result show that energy consume for collection, transportation and loading-unloading of loose straw and paddy bale was 35.59 and 5.56 MJ t-1respectively. Time and cost required for all operations for loose straw and paddy bale were 20.25 h t-1 , 3.09 h t-1and 3490.27Rs t-1, 454.26 Rs t-1respectively. Straw management in the combine harvested field by straw collection and baling in the field is considered as an appropriate and economically viable option for timely use of the field for subsequent sowing.
Keywords: Energy, Cost, Time, Rice Straw, Baler.
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Energy, Time and Cost of Baler Machine for Harvested Understory Paddy Biomass
D. V. Tathod, Y. V. Mahatale, V. K. Chavan, Devanand Maski
Abstract: Rice is important food crop in India and stands first in area and second in total food production. Increase mechanization has made the paddy straw recovery and its utilization difficult for the farmer. Keeping the view the study has been carried out is for straw bale management of paddy straw for this three operation were studied manual Bale collection, transportation by tractor and loading-unloading of bale in field. Energy consumption rate is highest in transportation(4.19 MJ t-1.Km-1) and lowest in bale collection (0.46 MJ t-1). From total time consumed only 8 per cent time consumed for transportation operation and for collection and loading- unloading operation time consumption is same for both operation. In cost comparison height cost require for transportation (326. Rs t-1) and lowest for bale collection operation (42.47. Rs t-1).Straw management in the combine harvested field by straw collection and baling in the field is considered as an appropriate and economically viable option for timely use of the field for subsequent sowing.
Keywords: Paddy straw management, baling, energy, cost, time.
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Effect of Different Cutters, Feed Rates and Speed On Performance Of Chopping Of Green Sorghum
Y. V Mahatale, D. V. Tathod, V. K. Chavan, Vivek P. Pathak
Abstract: This study was divided into three phases. In the first phase the feasibility of available water hyacinth chopper cum crusher was tested for the chopping of sorghum and modified. In the second phase the different cylindrical cutters were selected and fabricated. During the last phase, their performance was evaluated for per cent volume reduction and power requirement for chopping of Sorghum. On the basis of preliminary trials of water hyacinth chopper cum crusher for chopping of Sorghum drawings of a modified Sorghum chopper was prepared in AutoCAD. The system was fabricated at CTAE, MPUAT Udaipur, workshop and a testing plan was developed for its performance evaluation. The performance of the developed system was evaluated on the basis of its ability to per cent volume reduction and cutting power required for chopping of sorghum crop. Four levels of independent variables namely feed rate (1250, 1500, 1750 and 2000 kg/h), cutter speed (13.4, 14.4, 15.4 and 16.4 m/s), and three cutters (cylindrical cutter, spiral cutter and forage cutter) were selected and tested. It was found that with the increase in feed rate and speeds of cutter the per cent volume reduction increased. The results shows that the modified machine can reduce the per cent volume of sorghum up to 76 per cent at the feed rate of 2000 kg/h and cutter speed of 16.4 m/s when forage cutter is in use whereas; cylindrical and spiral cutter gives 68 and 61 per cent at the same cutter speed and feed rate. The minimum cutting power requirement was found when spiral cutter is operated at minimum speed of 13.4 m/s and feed rate 1250 kg/h where as the maximum power is consumed by the cylindrical cutter with all levels of feed rates and cutter speeds. t last it can be concluded that the modified chopper gives best results with forage cutter at the feed rate of 2000 kg/h and cutter speed of 16.4 m/s.
Keywords: Volume reduction power requirement, cutters, feed rate and speed.
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A Mux Based Low Power Full Subtractor Circuit
Soumya Krishnan K, Raghu M C , Salmanul Faris
Abstract: A low-power full subtractor design is proposed in this paper to minimize the active leakage power in nano scale very large scale integration (VLSI) systems. The proposed system of a full subtractor circuit uses a three transistor x-or gate circuit to generate difference and hence it reduces area and power significantly. The borrow part of the system is implemented by using Differential Cascade Voltage Switch Logic (DCVSL) multiplexer to achieve lesser power consumption over a range of power supply voltages. All the simulations can be carried out by using Tanner EDA tool, Microwind and LT Spice. In proposed method the percentage reduction obtained in power is 62%, in area is 34.65% and percentage reduction in noise is 50.4% compared to the existing MTCMOS technology.
Keywords: CMOS Circuit, Full Subtractor, Low Power Design, Leakage Current, Differential Cascade Voltage SwitchLogic(DCVSL)
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Concept Modeling: An Ontological Advancement for Decomposition of Commerce Requirement
Chetan Patil, Gajendra Singh
Abstract: Collaboration is the term which is widely spread these days. It forms the prominent role as backbone for enterprise integration, they are needed to be developed and managed widely. With the growing reliance on the Web as a medium of business collaboration, there is an increasing need to quickly and animatedly form business progressive. Collaboration is based on high-level business goals and their underlying criteria. This proposed work introduces the Concept Modeling: An Ontological Advancement for Decomposition of Commerce Requirement, which is dynamically formulated to build business processes. This is an ontologized extension and augmentation of traditional AI, to built concepts as a hierarchical ontology of decomposable business stages encompassing all possible decomposition permutations. Through concept building, high level business goals can be easily decomposed to the lowest level tasks, effectively bridging the gap between high level business goals with operational level tasks and completing currently static business process modeling languages. An algorithm is promoted, which explains the meaning of concept building using tools and Web technologies.
Keywords: Web Services, Web Service Discovery, Hierarchical Task Network, Ontology, Semantic Analysis.
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An Adaptive Fuzzy C- Means Algorithm for the Color Feature Extraction in Remote Sensing Images
D.Napoleon, Dr. E. Ramaraj
Abstract: Pictures are the source of information emission. As human beings many information can be interpreted by our brain for the effective extraction of constructive data. For efficient information various features are being analyzed. In image processing feature extraction is an important technique.. There are three main visual features namely color, texture and shape. Color histogram is the most common method used to extract the color features. In order to extract theses features various techniques are used in image processing. Image clustering is a technique that identifies the data distribution and patterns in the image. The main goal of clustering technique is to identify both the dense and the space regions in the image. Color features are subjected to precise color space namely RGB, LUV, HSV and HMMD. Color features are easily extracted from the remote sensing images as the color space is specified. Here in this work we have used the Adaptive Fuzzy C- means algorithm in the clustering technique for the effective feature extraction.
Keywords: Adaptive Fuzzy C-means, RGB, Color histogram, Image Processing, remote Sensing
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Connected Eccentric Domination Number in Graphs
R. Jahir Hussain, A. Fathima Begam
Abstract: A set DV(G) is a connected eccentric dominating set if D is an eccentric dominating set and also the induced subgraph is connected. The cardinality of minimum connected eccentric dominating set is known as the connected eccentric domination number and is denoted by ce (G). In this paper we present some bounds on the connected eccentric domination number and exact values of some particular graphs.
Keywords: Connected eccentric dominating set, minimum connected eccentric dominating set, minimal connected eccentric dominating set, connected eccentric domination number, eccentric dominating set, eccentric domination number.
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An Analytical Model Based on Semi-Markov Process to Incorporate Periodic Performances of Message
M. Reni Sagayaraj, C. Bazil Wilfred, S. Udayabaskaran, S. Anand Gnana Selvam
Abstract: In this paper we have a model a set of interacting D/G/1/1LCFS queues, one for each vehicle. Based upon the model, they have obtained all the MAC-level performance metrics including mean delay, packet delivery ratio (PDR), packet reception ratio (PRR) and normalized channel throughput. In their model, they have assumed that the sojourn times of all the channel sensing states are deterministic. Accordingly, we extend the model of Yin et al. [18] by proposing that the sojourn times for some of the channel sensing states are random and obtain the various system performance measures.
Keywords: Collision avoidance (CA), Safety warning (SW), Dedicated short Range (DSR), Inter-reception time (IRT).
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Wireless Sensor Network: Application, Service Attacks, and Security Schemes
Rupam Sharma, Nidhi Tripathi
Abstract: Wireless Sensor network is an emerging technology and have great potential to be employed in critical situations like battlefield and commercial applications. In recent scenario, security is most crucial issue in almost every network including wireless sensor network. There are some crucial security issues and many attacks that need to be look around. In this paper, we comprise and discuss emerging issues of security threats in wireless sensor network.
Keywords: Wireless Sensor network, Application, Service attacks, Security Schemes.
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