International Journal of Innovative Trends in Engineering
Approved By International Serial Standard(ISSN), National Science Library(NSL) and National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources(NISCAIR)
ISSN: 2395-2946 (Online)

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IJITE - Volume 03, Number 01

Published On : March 2015
SNo. Paper Title & Authors Page Download
An Extensive Survey on Image Defogging Techniques
Divya Shrivastava, Prof. Bharti Chourasia
Abstract: In this research paper we have studied and analyzed the context relevant to the image defogging in order to overcome the trouble facing in the same context. A review work has been developed with the contribution of other researchers in field of image defogging. In the previous work various researchers have proposed different methods to recover the image from defog trouble and depth from a single image. As the atmospheric visualization model may used away for defogging. Researchers have cast the problem into a relaxed factorial Markov random field but still it would be improved up to a appropriate level. This would lead us to have the satisfactory outcomes and formulation would be efficiently solved using our techniques. The utility of our method is very essential for the depth and recovery the real image. This can provide good output compared against other techniques discussed in the literature.
Keywords: Image Defogging, Dehazing and Fog, Clouds and Smoke Light Scattering.
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A Guided Filtering Fusion with SIFT for Multi-Focus Image Dataset
Divya Shrivastava, Prof. Bharti Chourasia
Abstract: A fast and effective image fusion method is proposed for creating a highly informative fused image through merging multiple images. The proposed method GFF-SIFT is based on a two-scale decomposition of an image into a base layer containing large scale variations in intensity, and a detail layer capturing small scale details. SIFT method is used to find the feature descriptor of image dataset. A novel guided filtering and SIFT-based weighted average technique is proposed to make full use of spatial consistency for fusion of the base and detail layers individually. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method can obtain state-of-the-art performance for fusion of multi-focus images.
Keywords: Image fusion, Guided Filtering Fusion, Scale-Invariant Feature Transform, Weighted Average
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A Low Power Fine-Grained CG and RTPG Integration Based on DDFF
Sony K. S, H.S. Divakaramurthy
Abstract: The technology and speed are always move forward, from low scale integration to large, and very large scale integration. The system requirements are also rising up with the continuous advancing process of technology and speed of integration. With the progress of CMOS technology, there is a steady growth in clock frequency and chip capacity. To integrate more functions into each chip require more power. As a result, the power dissipation of digital CMOS design has increased tremendously. So, low power techniques are highly appreciated in current VLSI design. So, the two most widely used techniques to reduce dynamic power and leakage power, clock gating (CG) and power gating (PG), respectively, are expected to be integrated together effectively. Here the OBSC technique is used. In order to extent the application of PG, active mode power reduction method can be used, i.e. RTPG. The proposed work uses a new dual dynamic node hybrid flip-flop (DDFF) instead of conventional FFs. The DDFF offers an area, power, and speed efficiency compared to the conventional flip-flops to incorporate complex logic functions into the flip-flop. As a result, the energy efficient DDFF based active fine-grained CG and RTPG integration can significantly reduce about 20% of power consumption.
Keywords: Clock gating, RTPG, OBSC and DDFF.
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Analysis and Implementation of BCH Codec using PGZ Algorithm
Mahadevan A, Priyadharshini A
Abstract: Data corruption during the transmission and reception of data because of noisy channel medium is the most common problem faced in digital communication system; it is hard to get the reliable communication. Thus, to get the error free communication we need Error correction code. BCH codes are used as a baseline for many recent Error Correcting Codes. BCH code is used to correct multiple random errors. This paper discusses, performance analysis of different types of (15, 7) BCH Decoder. The main aim of this project is to design a Single-bit Error Correcting and Double-Adjacent Error Correcting (SEC-DAEC) parallel decoder that corrects double adjacent and single bit errors in parallel and serially corrects multiple bit errors using Peterson Gorenstein Zierler (PGZ) algorithm. Simulation was carried out by using ModelSim – Altera 6.4a starter edition. Synthesis was successfully done by using Quartus II.
Keywords: BCH codes, SEC-DAEC decoder, Error correcting code (ECC), Verilog, BCH Encoder, and BCH Decoder.
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To Tolerate Fault and Minimize Energy Using Hard Real Time Scheduling
Anil.D khumbhar, Nikhil Chauhan
Abstract: In real time system the big issue was fault tolerance and energy efficiency. The main aspect in real time application was fault tolerance.TO transient the faults occurred in the system may be check by the approach of check pointing method. For minimum energy consumption we have to find how many check points are required .For less energy consumption in system such as sensor node require energy to operate. Faults occurs any time in the real time system that should be tolerated fault .In this paper we have to proposed a new check pointing methods in that the consumption of energy should be less .By using dynamic voltage scaling (DVS) technique which achieved the energy minimization in real time system.
Keywords: Energy minimization, DVS, Tolerance fault, Check pointing.
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A Survey on Cluster Based Routing Protocols for WSN and MANET
Akash A Deshmukh, P. G. Chilveri
Abstract: The advancements in wireless communication technologies enabled large scale wireless sensor networks (WSNs) deployment. The use of different wireless devices like cell phones, laptops GPS devices and other electronic devices have become penetrating, cheap and weighted in today’s life. The demand for communication and networking among these various wireless devices has been increased for different applications. Wireless sensor networks from this point of view are the latest trend. Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANET) that are connected by wireless links are a self-configuring network of mobile nodes. The devices freely move in any direction and links among these devices are frequently changed. Collection of sensor nodes organised in a cooperative network is a wireless sensor network. Both of these networks fall into the category of infrastructure less wireless networks. In this paper we analyse and discuss some of the prominent cluster based routing protocols for Wireless sensor networks (WSN) and Mobile Ad Hoc networks (MANET) and compared them using various parameter metrics.
Keywords: Wireless sensor networks (WSN), Mobile Ad Hoc networks (MANET), Clustering, Routing protocols.
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