International Journal of Innovative Trends in Engineering
Approved By International Serial Standard(ISSN), National Science Library(NSL) and National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources(NISCAIR)
ISSN: 2395-2946 (Online)

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IJITE - Issue 46, Volume 28, Number 02

Published On : April 2017
SNo. Paper Title & Authors Page Download
Rehabilitation of B.I.T Pathway (The Existing Flexible Pavement) Using CBR & is Method In Gida Gorakhpur
Rahul Mahantha, Deepak Kumar, Gaurav Sahani, Ashfahan Khalid, Afsar Javed, Tushar Kumar Mall, Shashikant Srivastava
Abstract: The objective of this paper study is to enhance performance characteristics or variables (e.g., ride quality, rutting, Prevention of fatigue cracking & transverse cracking) of flexible pavements. Thepresent time pavement structure have water logging problem, cracks, aggregationproblem of pavement it means pavement are fail.We remove all these problem &replace existing pavement in new pavement and we construct 1m2 of pavement sample, it resists the bearing capacity of wheel load and the load not entered to the subgrade it means the sample is good. Flexible pavement may be constructed in a number of layers and the layer has to be strongest as the highest compressive stress. The pavement structure should be able to provide a surface of acceptable riding quality, adequate skid resistance, favorable light reflecting characteristics & low noise pollution. The ultimate aim is to ensure that the transmitted stresses due to wheel load are sufficiently reduced, so that they will not exceed bearing capacity of the sub-grade. The main reason for selecting a flexible pavement is its low construction and maintenance cost and its simple and easier procedures of construction. CBR method for construction of flexible pavement is not only easier to understand, but it is reliable and practicallyacceptable and widely adopted too.The experiments are conducted to test various aggregate characteristic, soil properties and bitumen test.
Keywords: Replace existing pavementin new pavement, Design of flexible pavement,California Bearing Ratio.
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Bio-Medical Waste Management and Treatment
Shabahat Riyaz, Shashank Pal, Satish Kr. Paswan, Radhey Shyam Pandey, Ranjeet Yadav, Riddhi Dubey
Abstract: The Biomedical and Health Care waste management is very different from other house waste or industries waste management. Biomedical waste management is one of the biggest challenges of the present day times because it has a direct impact on the health of human beings. Since it is hazardous in nature its safe and proper disposal is extremely important. For proper a disposal management of biomedical waste the Ministry of Environment and Forests has published the Bio-Medical Waste Rules, 1998. This review explains the hospital waste management and the environmental problem in India. This study has also focused on the problems associated with Bio- waste. In the past, medical waste was often mixed with the municipal solid waste and disposed in nearby landfills. In recent years, many efforts have been made by environmental regulatory agencies to better management of biomedical waste.
Keywords: Incineration, solid waste, Hazardous, Non-hazardous, Thermal inactivation.
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Metro Rail In Gorakhpur
Shivam Pandey, Sukhvinder Singh Saini, Ashish Tripathi, Ashish Rajbhar, Faheem Akram, Shabi Ahmad, Dr. Alak Roy
Abstract: This case study is broadly conceived to assess the potential of the Gorakhpur-metro rail. When evaluating mass transit options for Indian cities, metro systems are given preference over surface systems due to the belief that a road-based bus system cannot cater to the capacity requirement as much as metro systems. In addition to this, metro rails are perceived to have higher levels of comfort, speed, and efficiency as compared to bus systems; This study covers the following aspects of the Gorakhpur metro rail project: 1. Site Survey, 2. Soil Testing, 3. Construction Technology. According to the study & survey, metro rail in Gorakhpur can be built from B.R.D. Medical College to Shastri Chowk And further from Shastri Chowk to Mohaddipur. Total Distance covered will be 11.4 Km. Out of which a distance of 8.3 km is covered between B.R.D.Medical College and Shastri Chowk while 3.1 Km is covered between Shastri Chowk and Mohaddipur. Further extension may be planned.
Keywords: Metro, Urban Development, Soil Testing, Modern construction.
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A Study of Water Quality In Residential And Industrial Area Gida Sector 5 And Sector 13
Amrendra Pratap Raghaw, Alok Kumar Pandey, Anand Yadav, Adarsh Sahani, Kuldip Kumar Gupta, Kamalesh Kumar Goand, Sanjay Kumar
Abstract: The study of water quality in residential and industrial area was carried out in GIDA SECTOR 13 and closed populated villages of GIDA SECTOR 5 to assess the some groundwater quality parameters of selected India Mark-II and shallow depth hand pumps. A total number of 8 samples collected such as S1, S2, S3, S4, S5, S6 S7 and S8 and were tested for pH, total hardness, alkalinity, acidity, chloride, Total Dissolved Solids and fluoride and the results are compared with IS 10500:2012. The study was carried out during September, October November 2016 and February, March 2017. All collected samples subjected to test for Physical and chemical analysis.
Keywords: Physico-chemical analysis, Ground water, Control.
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Small Area and Low Power Dissipation Binary to BCD Converter For Multi-Operand B/D Adder
Shrutika Tyagi, Anil Khandelwal
Abstract: The main objective to design this project to increasing importance of commercial application , economic and Internet-based applications the decimal adder provide useful statistic in formative each adder's performance and scalability. There is a new interest in providing hardware support to handle decimal data. In this paper, a new architecture binary to BCD converter for multi-operand addition implement of binary coded decimal (BCD) operands, which is the core of high speed multi-operand adders. the proposed Simulation results show that the add-3 digit BCD adder achieves an improvement of 50 % in delay and area and it consume very less power. The 2,4,8,16-digit BCD look-ahead adder shown to achieve at least 75 % faster than the accessible ripple carry one. The coding will be written in VHDL and verified in I-Sim. After the coding the synthesis of the code was performed using Xilinx-ISE. Synthesis tool ISE 14.7.
Keywords: BCD adder, add-3 algorithm, binary to BCD converter, decimal arithmetic.
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Low Power Dissipation 12 Bit Pipe Line Analog To Digital Converter Using 0.18 ┬Ám Technology
Ritika Sahu, Anil Khandelwal
Abstract: Analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) are basic design blocks and are currently adopted in many application fields to get better digital systems, which accomplish superior performances with respect to analog solutions. With the fast advancement of CMOS fabrication technology, further signal-processing functions are implemented in the digital domain for a lower cost, lower power consumption, higher yield, and high re-configurability. This paper illustrate a 12 bit 75-Msample/s analog-to-digital converter fabricated in a0.18-um CMOS technology. The converter uses pipelined six stage and implement 2 bit per stage.
Keywords: Flash ADC, Pipe Line ADC, Amplifier.
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Study of Compiler Construction
Adilshah N. Jalgeri, Balkrushna B. Jagadale, Rajendra S. Navale
Abstract: Compiler construction is a commonly used software engineering implementation and this paper grants a compiler structure for adaptive computing. The outcome of this paper is to provide a concept of compiler design and its tools to implement an enhanced technique for compilation we have to know the characteristics of the program. This paper provides us implementation of compiler.
Keywords: Compiler, Phases of Compiler, Tools.
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An Enhanced Channel Estimation Technique For OFDM System: A Review
Rakesh Dwivedi, Prof. Swatantra Tiwari
Abstract: OFDM is becoming a very popular multi-carrier modulation technique for transmission of signals over wireless channels. It converts a frequency-selective fading channel into a collection of parallel flat fading subchannels, which greatly simplifies the structure of the receiver. The available bandwidth is utilized very efficiently in OFDM systems without causing the ICI (inter-carrier interference). By combining multiple low-data-rate subcarriers, OFDM systems can provide a composite high-data-rate with long symbol duration. That helps to eliminate the ISI (inter-symbol interference), which often occurs along with signals of a short symbol duration in a multipath channel. In this work various efficient pilot based channel estimation schemes for OFDM systems has compared and investigated. The channel estimation can be performed by either inserting pilot tones into all subcarriers of OFDM symbols with a specific period or inserting pilot tones into each OFDM symbol. In this present study, two major types of pilot arrangement such as block- type and comb-type pilot have been focused employing Least Square Error (LSE) and Minimum Mean Square Error (MMSE) channel estimators. The pilot signal estimation is based on LSE and MMSE criteria, together with channel interpolation using linear interpolation and spline cubic interpolation.
Keywords: OFDM, Pilot based channel estimation, Least Square Error.
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A Brief Survey on Passive Filter Aided by Shunt Compensators
Purva Bairagi, Prof. Shashikant Soni
Abstract: Harmonics and reactive power regulation and guidelines are upcoming issues and increasingly being adopted in distributed power system and industries. Vital use of power electronic appliances has made power management smart, flexible and efficient. But side by side they are leading to power pollution due to injection of current and voltage harmonics. Harmonic pollution creates problems in the integrated power systems. The passive filters are used to mitigate power quality problems in six-pulse ac-dc converter with R-L load. Moreover, apart from mitigating the current harmonics, the passive filters also provide reactive power compensation, thereby, further improving the system performance. For current source type of harmonic producing loads, generally, passive shunt filters are recommended. These filter apart from mitigating the current harmonics, also provide limited reactive power compensation and dc bus voltage regulation. However, the performance of these filters depends heavily on the source impedance present in the system, as these filter act as sinks for the harmonic currents. These filters block the flow of harmonic current into ac mains, by providing high impedance path at certain harmonic frequencies for which the filter is tuned. This research presents a detailed investigation into the use of different configurations of passive filter such as passive shunt filter and passive series filters. The advantages and disadvantages of both configurations are discussed.
Keywords: Passive filters, power distribution, power filters, power quality.
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A Model for Reducing the Events in the Cloud Architecture
Ashish Kumar Trivedi, Dr. Rajiv Pandey, Professor P. K. Bharti
Abstract: Recently cloud computing is evolving as a key computing platform for sharing resources. It promises that resources like computing capacity and storage or services like databases or messaging system can rapidly be acquired and released based on the current requirements of the application. Large-scale, shared IT infrastructure available over the internet, is transforming the way corporate IT services are delivered and managed. Cloud computing is a highly scalable and cost-effective infrastructure for running HPC, enterprise and Web applications. In order to design solutions in Cloud Computing, deep analysis of Cloud is required with respect to their power efficiency. In this propose work we analyze and architect cloud computing on several Key factors which enable to lower the effect of cloud computing in the form energy use and carbon emission. To address the above said challenges, we will develop an efficient and effective Event reducing model for Cloud Architecture that leads to an answer of the previous challenges. In this model we use Event reduction approaches, like event clustering, to reduce the redundant and duplicate events from private cloud and then give these events to the Event Orchestration System to access services from public cloud. As a result services available to the users in an efficient and effective manner with minimum load on servers and data centers. Here in this work we propose a model that reduces Event in cloud architecture. In this model we use Event Clustering to reduce the redundant and duplicate events coming from private clouds and then forward these events to the Event Orchestration System whose responsibility is to locate services in the public cloud, facilitate these services at user level. As a result service availability to the user is guaranteed in an efficient and effective manner.
Keywords: HPC, Event reducing, Event Clustering, public cloud, Private Cloud, Orchestration engine.
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